宮澤賢治と共存共栄の概念: 賢治作品の見直し (Miyazawa Kenji's Notion of Co-existence and Co-prosperity: A Reinterpretation of His Literary Works)

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Edited By : George P.A.

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宮澤賢治と共存共栄の概念: 賢治作品の見直し (Miyazawa Kenji's Notion of Co-existence and Co-prosperity: A Reinterpretation of His Literary Works)

Miyazawa Kenji's Notion of Co-existence and Co-prosperity: A Reinterpretation of His Literary Works

Summary of the Book

Recent years have seen a sudden increase in the number of scholars engaged in research on Miyazawa Kenji, thanks to the universal appeal of his works which knows no geographical boundary. His works are being given new dimensions by the contemporary researchers within and without Japan by reinterpreting them on the basis of universal values and concepts, like prosperity and peaceful co-existence of all living beings on the earth, well being of mankind, love, equality, non-violence, self sacrifice, vegetarianism etc., which are manifested in most of his literary works.

Kenji always considered himself to be an inseparable part of the cosmos. An individual cannot attain happiness unless he loses his identity and amalgamates with the supreme soul, the everlasting universe. “A real poet is a person who is able to convert his sufferings into happiness. If I could forget myself in the midst of the wind and the light, turning the whole world into my own garden, or if I could feel that the whole galaxy is myself, how happy shall I feel!”, he wrote to his younger brother once.

Kenji did not differentiate living beings and inanimate things. For him, everything in the universe is in one way or the other the manifestation of the cosmic mind, the supreme reality of the cosmos.

From these, men and the galaxy and asura and sea urchins

As they eat cosmic dust or breathe air or seawater

May each think up a fresh cosmology,

But ultimately all is a mental landscape. (prefatory to haru to shura)

In other words, Kenji visualized a harmonious co-existence of the cosmos and the human mind. Even the human thought should harmonize with the changing moods of the nature. As the objects in the cosmos are sources for new strength and ideas, human thoughts should also get amalgamated in to the cosmic objects. Only this unison with the nature and cosmos would bring everlasting happiness to all.

Kenji’s ideals of self sacrifice, non-violence and vegetarianism have been derived from the teachings of great religions like Buddhism and Christianity with which he had been in close contact right from his childhood. Dedicating oneself for the happiness of others is a virtue which very few people posses. Such virtuous people could turn the pains and worries of others into happiness through mercy, compassion and love as taught by these religions.

A close look at his writings will make the fact clear that his literary works, be it the poetry or the children’s stories, undoubtedly, are manifestations of this unique world view and humanitarian outlook based on kindness and mercy towards fellow beings as taught by great religions like Buddhism. Hence, his literary works are, no doubt, derived through the fusion of philosophical teaching of religions, especially Buddhism, the traditional folk religion and folkloric believes of Japanese people and Christianity to a certain extent. In short, his literary works are a manifestation of a blend of universal values such as non-violence, self-sacrifice, vegetarianism, compassion, love and fellow feeling and Japaneseness (Japanese nature) and Japanese sentiments which all together will open the way for a peaceful co-existence of all living beings in this universe. This uniqueness of Kenji’s world view and philosophy has long been overlooked by the scholars.

The International Seminar on “Miyazawa Kenji's Notion of Co-existence and Co-prosperity: A Re-interpretation of his Literary Works”「宮澤賢治と共存共栄の概念:賢治作品の見直し」was organized with the following objectives. This seminar also had the distinction that it was the first international seminar/conference on Miyazawa Kenji to be held in a foreign country ever. 

  1. To provide a forum for eminent scholars and academicians from Japan and India, who are specializing on Kenji and his works, to discuss and exchange their views and interpretation of Kenji's world view and philosophical thought manifested in his literary works. 
  2. To assert the need for rediscovering Kenji's notion of universe, his quest for peaceful co-existence of mankind through mutual love and concern. Giving space to others to survive and prosper is an essential requirement for achieving the ultimate goal of “happiness for everybody”.
  3. To introduce Miyazawa Kenji and his works to the Indian society. Some of the works of Kenji have been translated into Malayalam, Bengali and Hindi already. This conference would give a firsthand opportunity to young Indian researchers of Japanese literature to know more about the wonderful world view and philosophical thought of a great Japanese visionary.

This seminar was held over two days with twenty five papers in six academic sessions. The Keynote Address was delivered by Professor Amazawa Taijiro, renowned poet and pioneer scholar of Miyazawa Kenji from Japan. Professor Sudhir Kumar Sopory, Vice Chancellor, Jawaharlal Nehru University, delivered a highly scholarly and scintillating inaugural lecture, connecting Miyazawa Kenji's world view and philosophy to the present world scenario. Besides that, Mr. Yasuhisa Kawamura, Minister, Embassy of  Japan in India, and Mr. Katsuma Doi, Director General, Japan Foundation, New Delhi Office, also delivered encouraging lectures in the inaugural session. 

Book Content

目次

      Preface (序)

      P. A. George (JNU)

   1. 基調講演    

      天沢 退二郎(明治学院大学名誉教授・詩人)

   2. 宮澤賢治の世界観

      萩原 昌好 (前埼玉大学教授)       

   3. 『二十六夜』の信仰と捨身

      荒木 浩 (国際日本文化研究センター)

   4. 〈億の天才の併存〉から農民の〈協働〉へ  
     ―「産業組合青年会」「業の花びら」を中心に

      杉浦  静 (大妻女子大学教授)     

   5. ランドスケープ・アーキテクトとしての宮澤賢治

      岡村 民夫(法政大学教授)     

   6. 「農民」との「共栄」の可能性 ― 「グスコーブドリの伝記」を起点として

      大島 丈志(文教大学准教授)   

   7. <共生>をめぐる物語 ― 宮澤賢治童話における批評的実践

      安藤 恭子(大妻女子大学短期大学部教授)

   8. 宮澤賢治の作品にみられる「自己犠牲・自己否定」の概念: 「よだかの星」「グスコーブドリの伝記」を中心に

      P. A. ジョージ(ネルー大学教授)  

   9. 宮澤賢治「ビヂテリアン大祭」と万国宗教会議およびユニテリアン  ―寛容と偏狭―         

      山根 知子(ノートルダム清心女史大学教授) 

  10. 「風の又三郎」の初期受容考  

      中地 文(宮城教育大学教授)   

  11. 宮澤賢治の作品に見られるこの世とあの世の共存 ― 「銀河鉄道の夜」を通して

      ウニタ・サチダナンド(デリー大学准教授)

  12. 宮沢賢治とヴァイコム・ムハマド・バシールの作品に 見られる「自然観」・「共存」の比較

      アルン・シャム(英語外国語大学助教授)  

  13. 宮澤賢治とアニミズム的感性  ― その「まなざし」の位置を考える―

      小松 和彦 (日文研所長・教授)

  14. 宮澤賢治の「〈在家〉仏教」とはどのようなものであったか  栗原 敦(イーハトーブセンター代表理事・

      実践女子大学教授)       

  15. 「銀河鉄道の夜」の「鳥捕り」に読み取れる〈共生思想〉-芥川龍之介の「蜘蛛の糸」との比較において-

      鈴木 健司(文教大学教授)     

  16. 宮澤賢治の詩的創造力を支える生き方を探る ―「雨ニモマケズ」を通して

      ギータA.キニ(ビシュワバラテイ大学准教授)       

  17. 書簡に見る妙法蓮華経―保阪嘉内宛書簡を中心に―

      望月 善次(岩手大学名誉教授) 

  18. 宮澤賢治  心象スケッチの思想における時間 ─ 「進化論」を越えて─

      秋枝 美保(福山大学教授)    

  19. 衆生との共生―宮澤賢治作品空間に見られる 〈堕ちる/飛騰する〉構図

      澤田 由紀子(甲南大学非常勤講師)

  20. 三つの祈り-宮澤賢治、吉原幸子、アンドレイ・タルコフスキー

      平澤 信一(明星大学教授)     

  21. 宮澤賢治がロシア文学から影響された共存共栄の概念  ―作品の見直し

         森 三紗(詩人・宮澤賢治研究家)

  22. 現在インドを背景とした宮澤賢治作品の翻訳/現代インド  と賢治作品の翻訳

      T. V. スーリャカーント(英・外国語大学助教授)  

  23. 宮澤賢治の作品に見られる普遍的権利と世界調和の意図について

      ミシュラ・アマン(NECテクノロジーズインド)

  24. 宮澤賢治における仏教の共生主義:自己犠牲および

     「自己即宇宙」の共生・共栄の理念

      ランジャナ ムコパディヤーヤ  (デリー大学准教授)        

     インド宮澤賢治国際学会 プログラム(Programme)     

     参加者リスト(List of Participants)

Author / Editors / Contributors

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